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Thursday, February 18, 2016

Writing Ideas - New Novel, part 678, Resolution in Foreshadowing, Style Q and A

18 February 2016, Writing Ideas - New Novel, part 678, Resolution in Foreshadowing, Style Q and A

Announcement: Delay, my new novels can be seen on the internet, but the publisher has delayed all their fiction output due to the economy.  I'll keep you informed.  More information can be found at  Check out my novels--I think you'll really enjoy them.

Introduction: I wrote the novel Aksinya: Enchantment and the Daemon. This was my 21st novel and through this blog, I gave you the entire novel in installments that included commentary on the writing. In the commentary, in addition to other general information on writing, I explained, how the novel was constructed, the metaphors and symbols in it, the writing techniques and tricks I used, and the way I built the scenes. You can look back through this blog and read the entire novel beginning with

I'm using this novel as an example of how I produce, market, and eventually (we hope) get a novel published. I'll keep you informed along the way.

Today's Blog: To see the steps in the publication process, visit my writing website and select "production schedule," you will be sent to

The four plus one basic rules I employ when writing:

1. Don't confuse your readers.

2. Entertain your readers.

3. Ground your readers in the writing.

4. Don't show (or tell) everything.

     4a. Show what can be seen, heard, felt, smelled, and tasted on the stage of the novel.

5. Immerse yourself in the world of your writing.

All novels have five discrete parts:

1.  The initial scene (the beginning)

2.  The rising action

3.  The climax

4.  The falling action

5.  The dénouement

The theme statement of my 26th novel, working title, Shape, proposed title, Essie: Enchantment and the Aos Si, is this: Mrs. Lyons captures a shape-shifting girl in her pantry and rehabilitates her.

I just started writing my 27th novel, working title, Claire, potential title Sorcha: Enchantment and the Trainee.  This might need some tweaking.  The theme statement is something like this: Claire (Sorcha) Davis accepts Shiggy, the screw-up, into her Stela branch of the organization and rehabilitates her.  

Here is the cover proposal for Escape from FreedomEscape is my 25th novel.

Cover Proposal

The most important scene in any novel is the initial scene, but eventually, you have to move to the rising action.  I’m editing many of my novels using comments from my primary reader.  I finished editing Children of Light and Darkness and am now writing on my 27th novel, working title Claire.

I'm an advocate of using the/a scene input/output method to drive the rising action--in fact, to write any novel. 

Scene development:

1.  Scene input (easy)

2.  Scene output (a little harder)

3.  Scene setting (basic stuff)

4.  Creativity (creative elements of the scene)

5.  Tension (development of creative elements to build excitement)

6.  Release (climax of creative elements)

I can immediately discern three ways to invoke creativity:

1.  Historical extrapolation

2.  Technological extrapolation

3.  Intellectual extrapolation

Creativity is like an extrapolation of what has been.  It is a reflection of something new created with ties to the history, science, and logic (the intellect).  Creativity requires consuming, thinking, and producing. 

One of my blog readers posed these questions.  I'll use the next few weeks to answer them.

1.  Conflict/tension between characters

2.  Character presentation (appearance, speech, behavior, gestures, actions)

3.  Change, complexity of relationship, and relation to issues/theme

4.  Evolving vs static character

5.  Language and style

6.  Verbal, gesture, action

7.  Words employed

8.  Sentence length

9.  Complexity

10.  Type of grammar

11.  Diction

12.  Field of reference or allusion

13.  Tone - how tone is created through diction, rhythm, sentence construction, sound effects, images created by similes, syntax/re-arrangement of words in sentence, the inflections of the silent or spoken voice, etc.

14.  Mannerism suggested by speech

15.  Style

16.  Distinct manner of writing or speaking you employ, and why (like Pinter's style includes gaps, silences, non-sequitors, and fragments while Chekhov's includes 'apparent' inconclusiveness).

Moving on to 15. 15.  Style

Woah—style is huge.  I just spent more than six months defining style from almost every angle I could imagine. Here are the elements I found for an author’s style.

1.  Novel based style

a.  Writing focus
b.  Conversations
c.  Scene development
d.  Word use
e.  Foreshadowing
f.  Analogies
g.  Use of figures of speech
h.  Subthemes
I.  Character revelation
j.  Historicity
k.  Real world ties
l.  Punctuation
m.  Character interaction

2.  Scene based style

a.  Time
b.  Setting
c.  Tension and release development
e.  Theme development
f.  POV


Quick digression:  Back in the USA off of a very short French tour.


Foreshadowing is a technique used by every author to preplace ideas before they become necessary as a plot device or creative element in a novel.  Foreshadowing is very important as a device to, in the background, tie scenes together.  Here is an official definition for foreshadowing:


1.    be a warning or indication of (a future event)

Here is another from the lessor value source:


Foreshadowing or guessing ahead is a literary device by which an author hints what is to come. It is used to avoid disappointment. It is also sometimes used to arouse the reader. A hint that is designed to mislead the audience is referred to as a red herring.    


I know I put a bunch of intro and administrative information at the front of my blog.  I’m trying to provide information for those who might just run across the blog so they’ll get a basic idea of what the blog is about and where I’m coming from as a writer.  I also provide some updates on my writing.  If you look above the latest proposed cover, you’ll see I just started writing on novel 27.


Now, I may be taking too much time on foreshadowing, but I did want to look at style as a means or expression of the resolution of a novel.  This has a lot to do with foreshadowing because foreshadowing is how the author gets to the climax and expresses the climax (or resolution) of the novel.  Why is this important and why is this a question of style?


Back to fundamentals.  Every good novel has a resolution or climax that depends on resolving the telic flaw of the protagonist.  What the telic flaw might be is almost entirely a question of style.  This goes back to the author’s choice of theme.  For example, I like redemptive themes.  This is my style (one of the factors of my style).  Because I like redemptive themes, my protagonist’s will have a telic flaw based on the need for redemption.  My latest novel (number 27) has a protagonist who is a klutz with a capital k who doesn’t take responsibility for her own incompetency.  She caused untold difficulties for the British intelligence structure and is now under the control of a pretty odd branch office of British intelligence.  The protagonist helper (or antagonist) is doing everything to get this character back on track in the work of intelligence.  The methods are a bit rough.  The telic flaw of the protagonist is she is a klutz who doesn’t take responsibility.  To redeem her, in the climax and resolution, she must take responsibility and redeem herself (comedy) or fail miserably because she can’t (tragedy).  My style is comedies, so you know where this is going.


The foreshadowing and the entire development of the novel will be focused on the climax and resolution.  Do you see then how the foreshadowing is directly related to style?  But there is more.  Not only is the climax and the resolution directly related, the means of the resolution and the foreshadowing are functions of the author’s style.


More tomorrow.

For more information, you can visit my author site, and my individual novel websites:

fiction, theme, plot, story, storyline, character development, scene, setting, conversation, novel, book, writing, information, study, marketing, tension, release, creative, idea, logic

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