5 February 2019, Writing - part x760, Writing a Novel, Protagonist in the Initial Scene, more Pathos
Announcement: Delay, my new novels can be seen on the internet, but my primary publisher has gone out of business—they couldn’t succeed in the past business and publishing environment. I'll keep you informed, but I need a new publisher. More information can be found at www.ancientlight.com. Check out my novels--I think you'll really enjoy them.
Introduction: I wrote the novel Aksinya: Enchantment and the Daemon. This was my 21st novel and through this blog, I gave you the entire novel in installments that included commentary on the writing. In the commentary, in addition to other general information on writing, I explained, how the novel was constructed, the metaphors and symbols in it, the writing techniques and tricks I used, and the way I built the scenes. You can look back through this blog and read the entire novel beginning with http://www.pilotlion.blogspot.com/2010/10/new-novel-part-3-girl-and-demon.html.
I'm using this novel as an example of how I produce, market, and eventually (we hope) get a novel published. I'll keep you informed along the way.
Today's Blog: To see the steps in the publication process, visit my writing website http://www.ldalford.com/ and select "production schedule," you will be sent to http://www.sisteroflight.com/.
The four plus one basic rules I employ when writing:
1. Don't confuse your readers.
2. Entertain your readers.
3. Ground your readers in the writing.
4. Don't show (or tell) everything.
4a. Show what can be seen, heard, felt, smelled, and tasted on the stage of the novel.
5. Immerse yourself in the world of your writing.
These are the steps I use to write a novel including the five discrete parts of a novel:
1. Design the initial scene
2. Develop a theme statement (initial setting, protagonist, protagonist’s helper or antagonist, action statement)
a. Research as required
b. Develop the initial setting
c. Develop the characters
d. Identify the telic flaw (internal and external)
3. Write the initial scene (identify the output: implied setting, implied characters, implied action movement)
4. Write the next scene(s) to the climax (rising action)
5. Write the climax scene
6. Write the falling action scene(s)
7. Write the dénouement scene
I finished writing my 29th novel, working title, Detective, potential title Blue Rose: Enchantment and the Detective. The theme statement is: Lady Azure Rose Wishart, the Chancellor of the Fae, supernatural detective, and all around dangerous girl, finds love, solves cases, breaks heads, and plays golf.
Here is the cover proposal for Blue Rose: Enchantment and the Detective.
The most important scene in any novel is the initial scene, but eventually, you have to move to the rising action. I am continuing to write on my 30th novel, working title Red Sonja. I finished my 29th novel, working title Detective. I’m planning to start on number 31, working title Shifter.
How to begin a novel. Number one thought, we need an entertaining idea. I usually encapsulate such an idea with a theme statement. Since I’m writing a new novel, we need a new theme statement. Here is an initial cut.
For novel 30: Red Sonja, a Soviet spy, infiltrates the X-plane programs at Edwards AFB as a test pilot’s administrative clerk, learns about freedom, and is redeemed.
For novel 31: Deirdre and Sorcha are redirected to French finishing school where they discover difficult mysteries, people, and events.
Here is the scene development outline:
1. Scene input (comes from the previous scene output or is an initial scene)
2. Write the scene setting (place, time, stuff, and characters)
3. Imagine the output, creative elements, plot, telic flaw resolution (climax) and develop the tension and release.
4. Write the scene using the output and creative elements to build the tension.
5. Write the release
6. Write the kicker
Today: Why don’t we go back to the basics and just writing a novel? I can tell you what I do, and show you how I go about putting a novel together. We can start with developing an idea then move into the details of the writing.
To start a novel, I picture an initial scene. I may start from a protagonist or just launch into mental development of an initial scene. I get the idea for an initial scene from all kinds of sources. To help get the creative juices flowing, let’s look at the initial scene.
1. Meeting between the protagonist and the antagonist or the protagonist’s helper
2. Action point in the plot
3. Buildup to an exciting scene
4. Indirect introduction of the protagonist
The protagonist is the novel and the initial scene. If you look at the four basic types of initial scenes, you see the reflection of the protagonist in each one. If you noticed my examples yesterday, I expressed the scene idea, but none were completely independent of the protagonist. Indeed, in most cases, I get an idea with a protagonist. The protagonist is incomplete, but a sketch to begin with. You can start with a protagonist, but in my opinion, as we see above, the protagonist is never completely independent from the initial scene. As the ideas above imply, we can start with the characters, specifically the protagonist, antagonist or protagonist’s helper, and develop an initial scene.
If we start with a protagonist, we need some kind of guide. Here is a general guide for developing a modern protagonist. We’ll look at examples and explain the ideas.
1. Normal person (not wealthy, noble, or privileged)
2. Loves to read
3. Loves to learn
4. Unique skill(s), power(s) and/or learning
5. Pathos (poor, homeless, abused, friendless, ill)
6. Individualistic and independent
9. Naturally good
10. Rejection of the urban
11. Rejection of the modern
12. Appeal to the imagination
Pathos…what is pathos, and why do we need it? Pathos may be the most important characteristic of any protagonist. I’ve written before, almost every comedy novel can be characterized as zero to hero, and every tragedy novel as hero to zero. This is not too great a generalization. We should probably dig deeper into this.
Therefore, our protagonist will need to either start as a zero or be brought to the zero state. This zero state induces pathos. How do we induce pathos?
The perfect example of pathos can be seen in A Little Princess and the protagonist, Sara Crew. The most pathos developing scene in this novel is the bakery scene. Sara Crew hungry, cold, and abused finds a shilling on the street. She takes the shilling into the closest bakery and buy six hot cross buns. She is starving and has been told she won’t get supper. When she leaves the shop she sees a starving child on the stoop. Sara shares her buns with the girl. She gives the girl five of her buns and eats the last one. The result is the shopkeep, because of Sara’s example, takes the starving child on to work in her shop…and pathos. This is a beautiful scene and perfect in its reflection of pathos. The reader can have but one response. Note that there is very little emotion in the characters at all. Sara is still hungry, but she is happy—to a degree. The shopkeep is amazed and charitable. The little girl is grateful. The reader bears the emotion—and that is practiced and perfect pathos. How can we generate this?
First, the zero. Notice that we couldn’t use the initial state of Sara to build this kind of emotion. The zero state of Sara makes it possible. I usually start my protagonists in this state, but I have also brought them to it. I have also introduced characters who appear to have everything perfectly together and then revealed that they were not at all what they seemed. This is a type of zero. Sara’s zero is that she went from wealthy, privileged, and special to a poor, dependent, kitchen drudge who also teaches. She is abused, cold, hungry, and overworked. In spite of this, she comforts the other drudge and some students. The position of the protagonist at zero builds pathos. This is an automatic pathos. Let me mention my character Azure, who is the protagonist for Blue Rose: Enchantment and the Detective. Azure starts the novel as a head girl in a prestigious girl’s school. She has position and skills, and she works hard. We quickly discover that Azure is poor, barely has a penny, works multiple jobs, and has an almost impossible goal to achieve. This is a type of zero.
Second, to build pathos, we need to place our pathetic protagonist into a pathos developing situation.
For more information, you can visit my author site http://www.ldalford.com/, and my individual novel websites:
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