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Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Writing - part x446, Developing Skills, Antagonists

28 March 2018, Writing - part x446, Developing Skills, Antagonists

Announcement: Delay, my new novels can be seen on the internet, but the publisher has delayed all their fiction output due to the economy.  I'll keep you informed.  More information can be found at  Check out my novels--I think you'll really enjoy them.

Introduction: I wrote the novel Aksinya: Enchantment and the Daemon. This was my 21st novel and through this blog, I gave you the entire novel in installments that included commentary on the writing. In the commentary, in addition to other general information on writing, I explained, how the novel was constructed, the metaphors and symbols in it, the writing techniques and tricks I used, and the way I built the scenes. You can look back through this blog and read the entire novel beginning with

I'm using this novel as an example of how I produce, market, and eventually (we hope) get a novel published. I'll keep you informed along the way.

Today's Blog: To see the steps in the publication process, visit my writing website and select "production schedule," you will be sent to

The four plus one basic rules I employ when writing:
1. Don't confuse your readers.
2. Entertain your readers.
3. Ground your readers in the writing.
4. Don't show (or tell) everything.
     4a. Show what can be seen, heard, felt, smelled, and tasted on the stage of the novel.
5. Immerse yourself in the world of your writing.
These are the steps I use to write a novel including the five discrete parts of a novel:

1.      Design the initial scene
2.      Develop a theme statement (initial setting, protagonist, protagonist’s helper or antagonist, action statement)
a.       Research as required
b.      Develop the initial setting
c.       Develop the characters
d.      Identify the telic flaw (internal and external)
3.      Write the initial scene (identify the output: implied setting, implied characters, implied action movement)
4.      Write the next scene(s) to the climax (rising action)
5.      Write the climax scene
6.      Write the falling action scene(s)
7.      Write the dénouement scene
I finished writing my 28th novel, working title, School, potential title Deirdre: Enchantment and the School.  The theme statement is: Sorcha, the abandoned child of an Unseelie and a human, secretly attends Wycombe Abbey girls’ school where she meets the problem child Deirdre and is redeemed.  
Here is the cover proposal for Deirdre: Enchantment and the School
Cover Proposal

The most important scene in any novel is the initial scene, but eventually, you have to move to the rising action. I continued writing my 29th novel, working title Red Sonja.  I finished my 28th novel, working title School.  If you noticed, I started on number 28, but finished number 29 (in the starting sequence—it’s actually higher than that).  I adjusted the numbering.  I do keep everything clear in my records.  I’m just finishing number 30, working title Detective
How to begin a novel.  Number one thought, we need an entertaining idea.  I usually encapsulate such an idea with a theme statement.  Since I’m writing a new novel, we need a new theme statement.  Here is an initial cut.

For novel 29:  Red Sonja, a Soviet spy, infiltrates the X-plane programs at Edwards AFB as a test pilot’s administrative clerk, learns about freedom, and is redeemed.

For novel 30:  Lady Azure Rose Wishart, the Chancellor of the Fae, supernatural detective, and all around dangerous girl, finds love, solves cases, breaks heads, and plays golf.

Here is the scene development outline:

1. Scene input (comes from the previous scene output or is an initial scene)
2. Write the scene setting (place, time, stuff, and characters)
3. Imagine the output, creative elements, plot, telic flaw resolution (climax) and develop the tension and release.
4. Write the scene using the output and creative elements to build the tension.
5. Write the release
6. Write the kicker
Today:  Many people would like to write, but writing is hard work.  I’ll express again, if you want to be a skilled and potentially a published author, you need to write about one million words.  That equates to about ten 100,000 word novels.  When you look at it this way, it is a daunting goal especially if you haven’t written a single novel. 

To become a good writer, you need two specific skill sets first reading and then writing.  Without these skill sets, I really can’t help you much.  I provide advanced help and information on how to write great fiction. 

Characters are the key to great writing.  Entertainment is the purpose of fiction writing.  The key to entertainment is character revelation.  If we want to be a successful writer, we must aim for great protagonists, and I would say, great protagonist’s helpers.

Every novel must have an antagonist.  Every plot of any kind must have an antagonist.  There are certain pieces that you must have for any plot.  The first is a protagonist.  The second is a telic flaw (a problem).  The third is an antagonist. 

At the beginning of the development of literature, the antagonist was somewhat easy—the antagonist was always a person and always in direct conflict with the protagonist.  You always require a protagonist.  You always require an antagonist; however, today, the antagonist can be a person, a group, an institution, a concept, a government, or any other person, group, or organization who can be opposed to the actions or ideas of the protagonist.  The antagonist is a requirement, but the antagonist is not necessarily a person.

This concept has opened the world of literature enormously.  The idea that the antagonist can be a concept or even nature, makes it possible to have novels where the protagonist fights against the wilderness.  You’ve seen or perhaps read these kinds of novels.  You have novels where the antagonist is the government, such as 1984.  In 1984, the proper antagonist is the government, but Orwell also provided a face to that antagonist government. 

A Christmas Carol is a very interesting novel.  The antagonist might be the idea of proper Christian generosity.  It might be Tiny Tim and his father.  It really isn’t these two, and it really isn’t the ghosts.  The antagonist of this novel is an idea and not just a person.  However, notice that Dickens, like Orwell put an actual face on the antagonist.  A Christmas Carol is odd because the antagonists are the opposite of what we would normally expect.  Scrooge, the protagonist, is a negative character who must change significantly to resolve the telic flaw of the novel.  The antagonists oppose the protagonist, Scrooge, but they are positive characters.  Compare this to most novels.

In most cases, the protagonist is the positive character, and the antagonist is a negative character.  This is a very powerful and interesting idea to put in a novel.  We’ll look at that.

More tomorrow.

For more information, you can visit my author site, and my individual novel websites:

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