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Saturday, May 23, 2020

Writing - part xx233 Writing a Novel, Protagonists Plots and Theme Daniel Long

23 May 2020, Writing - part xx233 Writing a Novel, Protagonists Plots and Theme Daniel Long

Announcement: Delay, my new novels can be seen on the internet, but my primary publisher has gone out of business—they couldn’t succeed in the past business and publishing environment.  I’ll keep you informed, but I need a new publisher.  More information can be found at  Check out my novels—I think you’ll really enjoy them.

Introduction: I wrote the novel Aksinya: Enchantment and the Daemon. This was my 21st novel and through this blog, I gave you the entire novel in installments that included commentary on the writing. In the commentary, in addition to other general information on writing, I explained, how the novel was constructed, the metaphors and symbols in it, the writing techniques and tricks I used, and the way I built the scenes. You can look back through this blog and read the entire novel beginning with

I’m using this novel as an example of how I produce, market, and eventually (we hope) get a novel published. I’ll keep you informed along the way.

Today’s Blog: To see the steps in the publication process, visit my writing websites
The four plus one basic rules I employ when writing:
1. Don’t confuse your readers.
2. Entertain your readers.
3. Ground your readers in the writing.
4. Don’t show (or tell) everything.
     4a. Show what can be seen, heard, felt, smelled, and tasted on the stage of the novel.
5. Immerse yourself in the world of your writing.
These are the steps I use to write a novel including the five discrete parts of a novel:

1.     Design the initial scene
2.     Develop a theme statement (initial setting, protagonist, protagonist’s helper or antagonist, action statement)
a.     Research as required
b.     Develop the initial setting
c.     Develop the characters
d.     Identify the telic flaw (internal and external)
3.     Write the initial scene (identify the output: implied setting, implied characters, implied action movement)
4.     Write the next scene(s) to the climax (rising action)
5.     Write the climax scene
6.     Write the falling action scene(s)
7.     Write the dénouement scene
I finished writing my 29th novel, working title, Detective, potential title Blue Rose: Enchantment and the Detective.  The theme statement is: Lady Azure Rose Wishart, the Chancellor of the Fae, supernatural detective, and all around dangerous girl, finds love, solves cases, breaks heads, and plays golf.  
Here is the cover proposal for Blue Rose: Enchantment and the Detective
Cover Proposal
The most important scene in any novel is the initial scene, but eventually, you have to move to the rising action. I am continuing to write on my 30th novel, working title Red Sonja.  I finished my 29th novel, working title Detective.  I’m planning to start on number 31, working title Shifter
How to begin a novel.  Number one thought, we need an entertaining idea.  I usually encapsulate such an idea with a theme statement.  Since I’m writing a new novel, we need a new theme statement.  Here is an initial cut.

For novel 30:  Red Sonja, a Soviet spy, infiltrates the X-plane programs at Edwards AFB as a test pilot’s administrative clerk, learns about freedom, and is redeemed.

For novel 31:  Deirdre and Sorcha are redirected to French finishing school where they discover difficult mysteries, people, and events. 

Here is the scene development outline:

1. Scene input (comes from the previous scene output or is an initial scene)
2. Write the scene setting (place, time, stuff, and characters)
3. Imagine the output, creative elements, plot, telic flaw resolution (climax) and develop the tension and release.
4. Write the scene using the output and creative elements to build the tension.
5. Write the release
6. Write the kicker
Today:  Why don’t we go back to the basics and just writing a novel?  I can tell you what I do, and show you how I go about putting a novel together.  We can start with developing an idea then move into the details of the writing. 

To start a novel, I picture an initial scene.  I may start from a protagonist or just launch into mental development of an initial scene.  I get the idea for an initial scene from all kinds of sources.  To help get the creative juices flowing, let’s look at the initial scene. 

1.     Meeting between the protagonist and the antagonist or the protagonist’s helper
2.     Action point in the plot
3.     Buildup to an exciting scene
4.     Indirect introduction of the protagonist

Ideas.  We need ideas.  Ideas allow us to figure out the protagonist and the telic flaw.  Ideas don’t come fully armed from the mind of Zeus.  We need to cultivate ideas. 

1.     Read novels. 
2.     Fill your mind with good stuff—basically the stuff you want to write about. 
3.     Figure out what will build ideas in your mind and what will kill ideas in your mind.
4.     Study.
5.     Teach. 
6.     Make the catharsis. 
7.     Write.

The development of ideas is based on study and research, but it is also based on creativity.  Creativity is the extrapolation of older ideas to form new ones or to present old ideas in a new form.  It is a reflection of something new created with ties to the history, science, and logic (the intellect).  Creativity requires consuming, thinking, and producing.

If we have filled our mind with all kinds of information and ideas, we are ready to become creative.  Creativity means the extrapolation of older ideas to form new ones or to present old ideas in a new form.  Literally, we are seeing the world in a new way, or actually, we are seeing some part of the world in a new way. 

So, modern characters must look like the reader’s impression of the protagonist.  This is an interesting problem as culture and society change as does the impression of the readers.         

Here is the list of characteristics for great protagonists (this is based on the concept of a Romantic protagonist):

1.     Hero, independent, and individualistic – characters who truly risk their lives for others.
2.     From the common ilk – as opposed to the nobility and wealth.
3.     Educated – both seeking education and study and loving to read and learn.
4.     Focus on the inner world of the protagonist – the mind and motivation of the protagonist.
5.     Celebration of nature, beauty, and imagination – the expression of the mind of the protagonist.
6.     Rejection of industrialization and social convention – from urban to rural.
7.     Idealization of woman, children, and rural life.
8.     Inclusion of supernatural or mythological elements.
9.     Inclusion of historical elements.
10.  Frequent use of personification.
11.  Emphasis on individual experience of the sublime.
12.  Discovery and skills—the protagonist finds his or her special skills and abilities and uses them to resolve the telic flaw.
13.  The readers agree with the mind (thoughts and decisions) of the protagonist

I added the last statement, but really this last statement is a direct reflection of 4, 11, and 12. 

My ultimate point is that first I develop a great protagonist and the plot and theme of the novel I want to write comes directly out of that protagonist.  Every great protagonist comes with his or her own telic flaw.

Yesterday, I gave you an example of Azure Rose from my novel, Blue Rose: Enchantment and the Detective.  I showed how she was a Romantic protagonist and how she herself resulted in a plot and theme for the novel.  In other words, I didn’t develop a plot or a theme first, I developed a great protagonist and found the telic flaw, plot, and theme from her revelation.  Azure Rose came with a plot and a theme.  I’ve done this before and at the risk of repeating myself, I’ll do this a couple of more times or more.  Here is a list of my completed novels and protagonists:

A Season of Honor (Chronicles of the Dragon and the Fox III), published, Shawn du Locke
The Fox’s Honor (Chronicles of the Dragon and the Fox II), published, Devon Rathenberg
The End of Honor (Chronicles of the Dragon and the Fox I), published, John-Mark
Antebellum, not published, Heather Sybil Roberts
Aegypt, published, Paul Bolong
Centurion, published, Centurion Abenadar
Athelstan Cying, not published, Den Protania
Twilight Lamb, not published, Den Protania
Regia Anglorum, not published, Nikita Protania
The Second Mission, published, Alan Fisher
Sister of Light, not published, Leora Bolang
Hestia: Enchantment of the Hearth, not published, Angela Matheson
Sister of Darkness, not published, Leora Bolang
Shadow of Darkness, not published, Lumière Bolang
Shadow of Light, not published, Lumière Bolang
Children of Light and Darkness, not published, Kathrin McClellan
Warrior of Light, not published, Daniel Long
Shadowed Vale, not published, Nikita Protania
Warrior of Darkness, not published, Klava Calloway
Dana-ana: Enchantment and the Maiden, not published, Byron Macintyre
Aksinya: Enchantment and the Daemon, not published, Aksinya
Khione: Enchantment and the Fox, not published, Khione
Valeska: Enchantment and the Vampire, not published, George Mardling
Lilly: Enchantment and the Computer, not published, Lilly
Escape from Freedom, not published, Scott Phillips
Essie: Enchantment and the Aos Si, not published, Essie
Sorcha: Enchantment and the Curse, not published, Shiggy
Deirdre: Enchantment and the School, not published, Deirdre Calloway
Blue Rose: Enchantment and the Detective, not published, Azure Rose

Warrior of Light, is currently not published.  The protagonist is Daniel Long.  Warrior of Light is the seventh novel in the Ancient Light novels.  Daniel Long is another excellent example of how a protagonist defines the telic flaw, plot, and theme.

Daniel Long is the protagonist and the Warrior of Light.  He plays alongside Klava and Sveta Calloway who are the protagonist’s helpers.  Really to be most accurate, Sveta is Daniel Long’s protagonist’s helper.

Daniel Long is a well-educated, clean-cut, nice, young man who is seeking his future and friends.  We find him, in the beginning, herded out of the house and down the street to visit the Calloway family who happens to be in his new neighborhood.  Although Daniel Long is the focus of the novel, much of the excitement comes from Sveta, Klava, and their brothers and sisters.  

Daniel Long is a young man seeking his future and his life—he happens to find Sveta and Klava along the way.  Sveta and Klave both have their eyes on Daniel Long, but really Sveta is his perfect match.  There is much more to this, but I’ll just get to the most important details.  Daniel Long’s father happens to be a share to Foreign Affairs from the Organization.  Sveta and Klava’s father is a share from the Organization top MI6.  Their mother runs Stela in the Organization.  Sveta and Klava are both very special.  Their original parents are thought to be dead.  Their current mother and father found them in Burma—this is another novel, but we’ll get to that.

Daniel Long is looking for life, and he finds Sveta and Klava, which seals his fate.  Perhaps it’s worthwhile to go through the best characteristics of the Romantic protagonist now and then move back to the telic flaw, plot, and theme.

In the beginning, Daniel Long doesn’t have much hero in him.  He would like to be a hero, but his mother has encouraged him into education, language, and books so he won’t follow in the footsteps of his father who is an agent for the British government.  Daniel Long wants to be a hero, he just doesn’t have the necessary skills at first.  He is independent and individualistic. 

Daniel Long does come from the common ilk.  He is stepping into a different world, but we’ll get to that.  He does come from the world of intelligence, agents, and operatives.  He is educated and a focus of the novel is on both book and physical education.  He loves to read and speaks multiple languages.  He wants to be like his father who is a language expert and agent for the British government through the Organization. 

The inner world of the protagonist is at the forefront of this novel.  The novel is somewhat of a coming of age novel, but not a purely coming of age novel. The revelation, development, skills discovery, and skill development of Daniel Long is the primary point of the novel.  

The celebration of nature, beauty, and imagination in the expression of the mind of the protagonist is strong in the novel with great rural connections and nature connections.  The novel doesn’t necessarily reject industrialization as much as it celebrates technology. 

Since the novel is somewhat a coming of age novel and about young women, Sveta and Klava, you can’t miss the elements of the idealization of women, children, and to an extent rural life—more like nature.  Sveta and Klava are goddesses in training.  That’s the supernatural and the mythological elements.  Sveta and Klava have taken to Daniel Long as their or one of their potential warriors.  He fits the potential criteria for the Warrior of the Goddess of Light, and she wants him.  The only problem is that she needs to train him into the man she wants and needs.  Klava is helpful and also sees potential in Daniel Long.  In addition, there are many historical elements.  The novel covers Communist China and British interactions there.

The discovery of and development of skills are major elements of the novel.  Further, the individual experience of the sublime reflects directly in Daniel Long’s training and his desire to first improve his skills and second to court and be courted by Sveta and Klava.  Did I write this is a novel about love too?

Here we are.  The telic flaw should be obvious-- Daniel Long wants to become a man of action.  He wants to gain the skills that allow him to become an agent for Britain, and he wants to look like a hero and a gentleman in the eyes of Sveta.  The plot is all about Daniel Long learning his skills and moving through life.  Along the way comes action, adventure, and love.  The theme is a type of coming of age—it’s specifically about growing up and learning to be a man.

I hope you can see that the entire plot, telic flaw, and theme came out of the development of this character.  This is exactly what I mean when I write that the plot, theme, and telic flaw comes directly out of the protagonist.

Ultimately, the point is that we need to keep our readers content and pleased with our characters while presenting the revelation of the protagonist and the plot.    

The beginning of creativity is study and effort.  We can use this to extrapolate to creativity.  In addition, we need to look at recording ideas and working with ideas.    
More tomorrow.

For more information, you can visit my author site, and my individual novel websites:

fiction, theme, plot, story, storyline, character development, scene, setting, conversation, novel, book, writing, information, study, marketing, tension, release, creative, idea, logic

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