10 May 2018, Writing - part x489, Developing Skills, Build a Protagonist, Pathos
Announcement: Delay, my new novels can be seen on the internet, but the publisher has delayed all their fiction output due to the economy. I'll keep you informed. More information can be found at www.ancientlight.com. Check out my novels--I think you'll really enjoy them.
Introduction: I wrote the novel Aksinya: Enchantment and the Daemon. This was my 21st novel and through this blog, I gave you the entire novel in installments that included commentary on the writing. In the commentary, in addition to other general information on writing, I explained, how the novel was constructed, the metaphors and symbols in it, the writing techniques and tricks I used, and the way I built the scenes. You can look back through this blog and read the entire novel beginning with http://www.pilotlion.blogspot.com/2010/10/new-novel-part-3-girl-and-demon.html.
I'm using this novel as an example of how I produce, market, and eventually (we hope) get a novel published. I'll keep you informed along the way.
Today's Blog: To see the steps in the publication process, visit my writing website http://www.ldalford.com/ and select "production schedule," you will be sent to http://www.sisteroflight.com/.
The four plus one basic rules I employ when writing:
1. Don't confuse your readers.
2. Entertain your readers.
3. Ground your readers in the writing.
4. Don't show (or tell) everything.
4a. Show what can be seen, heard, felt, smelled, and tasted on the stage of the novel.
5. Immerse yourself in the world of your writing.
These are the steps I use to write a novel including the five discrete parts of a novel:
1. Design the initial scene
2. Develop a theme statement (initial setting, protagonist, protagonist’s helper or antagonist, action statement)
a. Research as required
b. Develop the initial setting
c. Develop the characters
d. Identify the telic flaw (internal and external)
3. Write the initial scene (identify the output: implied setting, implied characters, implied action movement)
4. Write the next scene(s) to the climax (rising action)
5. Write the climax scene
6. Write the falling action scene(s)
7. Write the dénouement scene
I finished writing my 28th novel, working title, School, potential title Deirdre: Enchantment and the School. The theme statement is: Sorcha, the abandoned child of an Unseelie and a human, secretly attends Wycombe Abbey girls’ school where she meets the problem child Deirdre and is redeemed.
Here is the cover proposal for Deirdre: Enchantment and the School.
The most important scene in any novel is the initial scene, but eventually, you have to move to the rising action. I continued writing my 29th novel, working title Red Sonja. I finished my 28th novel, working title School. If you noticed, I started on number 28, but finished number 29 (in the starting sequence—it’s actually higher than that). I adjusted the numbering. I do keep everything clear in my records. I’m just finishing number 30, working title Detective.
How to begin a novel. Number one thought, we need an entertaining idea. I usually encapsulate such an idea with a theme statement. Since I’m writing a new novel, we need a new theme statement. Here is an initial cut.
For novel 29: Red Sonja, a Soviet spy, infiltrates the X-plane programs at Edwards AFB as a test pilot’s administrative clerk, learns about freedom, and is redeemed.
For novel 30: Lady Azure Rose Wishart, the Chancellor of the Fae, supernatural detective, and all around dangerous girl, finds love, solves cases, breaks heads, and plays golf.
Here is the scene development outline:
1. Scene input (comes from the previous scene output or is an initial scene)
2. Write the scene setting (place, time, stuff, and characters)
3. Imagine the output, creative elements, plot, telic flaw resolution (climax) and develop the tension and release.
4. Write the scene using the output and creative elements to build the tension.
5. Write the release
6. Write the kicker
Today: Many people would like to write, but writing is hard work. I’ll express again, if you want to be a skilled and potentially a published author, you need to write about one million words. That equates to about ten 100,000 word novels. When you look at it this way, it is a daunting goal especially if you haven’t written a single novel.
To become a good writer, you need two specific skill sets first reading and then writing. Without these skill sets, I really can’t help you much. I provide advanced help and information on how to write great fiction.
Characters are the key to great writing. Entertainment is the purpose of fiction writing. The key to entertainment is character revelation, and specifically revelation of the plot and protagonist telic flaw (the same thing). If we want to be a successful writer, we must aim for great protagonists, and a great protagonist means a great or compelling telic flaw.
In moving to mechanics, you have to start with something. The something I recommend is the protagonist. As I noted for you, the protagonist owns the telic flaw and the telic flaw is the catalyst for the plot. The resolution of the telic flaw is the plot of the novel, so obviously, the best place to start any novel is with the protagonist. I hate to do this because I usually end up writing a new novel—let’s develop a character.
I happen to have a list of great protagonist characteristics.
1. Skilled or becoming skilled—they are competent.
2. Even though these characters are unique and uniquely different, they feel like real people.
4. Pathos building.
5. Action oriented.
Here is a list of updated ideas from yesterday.
1. Isolated and protected
4. School girl
6. France or Britain
7. Deirdre and Sorcha
Here is my initial description:
The girl stared intently at them both. Her large eyes glared with intensity and some agitation. She looked like she wanted to say something, but she didn’t. Her face simply sent her severe displeasure and reproach. She looked young with gently pale cheeks only tinged slightly with rose, and the slight swell of youth in her face, but that was her only manifestation of lack of adulthood.
She was not very tall, but somehow, she looked imposing. Her face was thin like the rest of her, but her appearance wasn’t emaciated—it looked restrained and strong. In contrast to her black dress and black bonnet, her hair swept long pale and straight from the crown of her head to a single thick braid at her back. Her eyes were a piercing light blue that glanced haughtily under thin nearly invisible brows. Her nose was likewise striking and straight, but not so large to mar her features. It pointed to her lips and chin—the lips being a thin pale pink and her chin oddly pointed. All in all, her face was beautiful, but unforgettable—a face that was in no way plain, but left an impression of tightly controlled energy and chilly restraint.
Her name was Cassandra Lyons, but the nuns and teachers all called her Lady Glamis. She was some relation of the House and clan of Glamis a Scottish noble family.
In the list above, I noted characteristics that help build an entertaining character. What I’ll do is look at these characteristics in Cassandra Lyons. The forth is pathos building.
Pathos building might be a little more difficult for Cassandra. The fact that she is intentionally isolated and held captive, but doesn’t understand what is happening to her makes for a very poignant situation and a pathetic situation (pathos building). Her lack of friendship and lack of understanding of the world will also build to this.
Deirdre and Sorcha’s cases are even more pathos building than Cassandra’s, and this is a positive too. They were supposed to go into training with Deirdre’s General officer relation and begin to acquire military and aviation skills. Their training was derailed due to world incidents—there are plenty in this time.
Fully pathos building incidents or circumstances are usually poverty, abuse, hunger, bullying, and other fully zero level type events. These don’t rise quite to that level, but they should be powerful enough.
For the author, the point is to present pathos building characters and especially the protagonist. I’ve written about writing a plot from zero to hero—you can’t do that if the protagonist isn’t at zero. No one wants to read a novel where the hero starts as hero—there is no there there.
This is part of the problem with Harry Potty. Harry starts at a wonderful zero as the abused child under the staircase. This is a perfect zero and pathos building. The moment Harry goes from zero to messiah, the spell is broken. There was enough material for nine movies and eight books (or something like that), but the author had to keep slamming Harry back to zero in each novel. That’s actually the way to accomplish zero to hero and obviously produces sellable novels.
A better approach is either to keep the secret or build up the character to hero gradually. This is why I really don’t like messiah themes. I don’t mind secret skill themes—I write those all the time. The secret skill theme is one where the protagonist discovers his or her skills and builds on them gradually. The character might be well fitted to defeat the antagonist, but not necessarily fated to defeat the antagonist. You see the problem, I hope, with messiah themes. The messiah is fated to defeat the antagonist—this makes the expected, unexpected resolution too obvious.
For more information, you can visit my author site http://www.ldalford.com/, and my individual novel websites:
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